The Polio Eradication Initiative (PEI) is a global program with the target of a polio-free world in this 21st century.

For the African region to be certified as polio free, there must be no detection of wild poliovirus and an appropriate surveillance system for three consecutive years. Somalia is still one country where polio prevalence is high and more focus and attention is needed to eradicate poliovirus in this troubled horn of African country.